At Refine Dentistry, we strive to use as many disposable products as we can. Suction tips, water sprayers, prophy cups, and the like are used only once and then disposed of after each patient. Virtually all surfaces that come in frequent contact with people, such as chairs in the treatment room, are thoroughly cleaned with a disinfectant/sterilizer that kills viruses and bacteria. All indisposable items, such as instruments and handpieces, are scrubbed and rinsed with a brush and then put in an ultrasonic cleaner to eliminate debris. Once the debris has been removed, the items are placed in one of our two steam autoclaves that sterilize using extremely high pressure and temperatures. We also use a gas (ethylene oxide) sterilizer for items that cannot be sterilized with heat (i.e. plastic instruments, rubber items, and the like.)